Relationship Between Mindfulness and Posttraumatic Stress in Women Who Experienced Stillbirth

Huberty, J., Matthews, J., Cacciatore, J., Buman, M. P., & Leiferman, J. |2018|  Relationship Between Mindfulness and Posttraumatic Stress in Women Who Experienced Stillbirth|  Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing|  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jogn.2018.09.002

A new study has examined the relationship between mindfulness and Posttraumatic Stress (PTS) in women who have experienced stillbirth. 

cot-1991826_640.jpg

Abstract

Objective

To explore the potential factors that mediate the relationship between mindfulness and symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTS) in women who experienced stillbirth.

 

Design

A cross-sectional analysis of baseline data before women’s participation in an online mindfulness intervention (i.e., online yoga).

 

Setting

This was a national study, and women participated in their own homes.

 

Participants

Women who experienced stillbirth (N = 74) within the past 2 years and resided in the United States.

 

Methods

Women were recruited nationally, primarily through social media. Participants (N = 74) completed baseline assessments (self-report mental and physical health surveys) via a Web-based survey tool. We conducted an exploratory factor analysis of the COPE Inventory subscales to reduce the number of variables before entry into a mediation model. We then tested the mediation effects of sleep quality, self-esteem, resilience, and maladaptive coping on the relationship between mindfulness and PTS symptoms.

Results

Through the exploratory factor analysis we identified a two-factor solution. The first factor included nine subscales that represented adaptive coping strategies, and the second factor included five subscales that represented maladaptive coping strategies. Results from multiple mediation analysis suggested that mindfulness had a significant inverse relationship to PTS symptoms mediated by sleep quality.

Conclusion

Mindfulness practices may have potential benefits for grieving women after stillbirth. Evidence-based approaches to improve sleep quality also may be important to reduce PTS symptoms in women after stillbirth.

 

This article is available to Rotherham NHS staff  and can be requested by contacting the Library 

Mindfulness and attachment styles through mother and infant interaction

Recently, research has focused on mindfulness as a potential variable to interrupt the transmission of insecure attachment and disrupt its effect across generations. | Infant Mental Health Journal

baby-feet-1527456_960_720.jpg

Thirty-six regnant female participants completed the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire and Relationship Questionnaire-Clinical Version at 30 weeks’ gestation. Following the infant’s birth, mothers and their babies participated in a video-recorded feeding session at 7 to 10 weeks’ postpartum. It was predicted that a secure attachment style and higher levels of mindfulness measured prenatally would be associated with greater maternal responsiveness postpartum. The hypothesis was supported for both the secure and insecure (fearful and profoundly distrustful) attachment styles. Mindfulness did not mediate the relationship between attachment and maternal distress. The mindfulness subscale Non-Reacting was significantly associated with maternal response to distress. These findings support the role of prenatal mindfulness skills and attachment security for later postnatal maternal sensitivity to baby.

Full reference: Pickard, J.A. et al. (2017) Observing the influence of mindfulness and attachment styles through mother and infant interaction: A longitudinal study Infant Mental Health Journal. DOI: 10.1002/imhj.21645

Mindfulness Meditation for Pediatric Chronic Pain

Waelde, L.C. et al (2017) Children. 4, 32.

Despite advances in psychological interventions for pediatric chronic pain, there has been little research examining mindfulness meditation for these conditions. This study presents data from a pilot clinical trial of a six-week manualized mindfulness meditation intervention offered to 20 adolescents aged 13–17 years.

Mindfulness meditation shows promise as a feasible and acceptable intervention for youth with chronic pain. Future research should optimize intervention components and determine treatment efficacy

The full article is available to download here

Mindfulness and asthma symptoms

Shi, L. et al. Journal of Asthma | Published online: 1 May 2017

Introduction: Given the known link between asthma and stress as well as the link between mindfulness and stress, we explore the possible association between trait mindfulness and asthma-related diagnosis and symptoms with a cross-sectional study.

Discussion: This is the first study to suggest a link between trait mindfulness and asthma. Our finding provides evidence that people with higher level of mindfulness are less likely to have had an asthma diagnosis and less likely to have the symptoms of persistent dry cough and wheezing.

Read the full abstract here

Mindfulness-Based Interventions During Pregnancy

Dhillon, A. et al. Mindfulness | Published online 17 April 2017

yoga-1883321_960_720

This systematic review aims to assess the effect of mindfulness-based interventions carried out during pregnancy exploring mindfulness and mental health outcomes.

Pooled results of the non-RCTs reporting anxiety, depression and perceived stress showed a significant benefit for the mindfulness group. Mindfulness as an outcome was assessed in four RCTs for which the pooled results show a significant difference in favour of the mindfulness intervention when compared to a control group. The pooled results of the four non-RCTs also indicate a significant difference following mindfulness intervention.

Results suggest that mindfulness-based interventions can be beneficial for outcomes such as anxiety, depression, perceived stress and levels of mindfulness during the perinatal period. Further research would be useful to explore if such benefits are sustained during the post-natal period.

Read the article here

Mindful Parenting Group Training for Mothers and Their Babies

Potharst, E.S. et al. Mindfulness | Published online: 13 April 2017

newborn-2186612_960_720.jpg

Many mothers experience difficulties after the birth of a baby. Mindful parenting may have benefits for mothers and babies, because it can help mothers regulate stress, and be more attentive towards themselves and their babies, which may have positive effects on their responsivity. This study examined the effectiveness of Mindful with your baby, an 8-week mindful parenting group training for mothers with their babies.

Read the full article here

The Effect of a Mindfulness-Based Transition to Motherhood Programme

Korukcu, O. & Kukulu, K. Health Care for Women International | Published online: 13 April 2017

meditation-2151342_960_720

Abstract: The purpose of the researchers is to determine the effect of a mindfulness programme on readiness for motherhood, the level of maternal attachment, and on post-partum self-evaluation. We used the quasi-experimental design.

Researchers applied the mindfulness-based Transition to Motherhood programme to the treatment group for seven days. Data was collected between December 2012 and June 2014 in Turkey.

At the end of the study, the treatment group showed improvement in measures of acceptance of pregnancy, level of readiness to give birth, the level of maternal attachment and the level of competence in the role of motherhood.

Read the abstract here