Psychosocial development of 5-year-old children with hearing loss: Risks and protective factors

Wong, C.L. et al. International Journal of Audiology. Published online: 19 Aug 2016

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Objective: The aims of this paper were to report on the global psychosocial functioning of 5-year-old DHH children and examine the risk and protective factors that predict outcomes.

Design: A cross-sectional analysis of data collected from a prospective, population-based longitudinal study.

Study sample: Parents/caregivers of 356 children completed questionnaires on psychosocial development (CDI, SDQ), functional communication (PEACH) and demographic information. Children completed standardized assessments of non-verbal cognitive ability (WNV) and language (PLS-4).

Results: On average, global psychosocial functioning was within the range of typically developing children; however, variability was high and 12% of children had scores that were more than 2 SDs below the norm. Non-verbal cognitive ability, presence of additional disabilities, language and functional communication significantly predicted outcomes. In contrast, type of hearing device, severity of hearing loss and age at intervention did not.

Conclusion: The global psychosocial functioning of this cohort of 5-year-old DHH children fell within the range of typically developing children. The findings suggest that spoken language ability and functional communication skills are vital for healthy psychosocial development.

Read the abstract here

Management of hearing loss in children

Gan, R. et al. Paediatrics and Child Health. Available online: 16 January 2016

Abstract

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Image source: Penn State

As hearing is crucial in the development and well-being of children it is important for clinicians to be up to date with the management options for hearing loss in children. Current options include hearing aids, surgery such as ventilation tubes or cochlear implants, or conservative management.

 

All management strategies are most successfully carried out as a team effort involving the child, parent, school and multidisciplinary team. This article outlines each of these options in detail according to conditions causing conductive or sensorineural hearing loss.

View the article abstract here