Effects of Delayed Umbilical Cord Clamping vs Early Clamping on Anemia

Ashish. K.C. et al. (2017) JAMA Pediatrics. 171(3) pp.264-270.

Question: Can delaying umbilical cord clamping for 3 minutes after birth reduce anemia at 8 and 12 months of age?

Findings: In this randomized clinical trial, 540 newborns were randomized to delayed umbilical cord clamping (>3 minutes) or early clamping no later than 1 minute. This delay resulted in a significant reduction in the prevalence of anemia by 9% at 8 months or age and 8% at 12 months of age.

Meaning: By extending umbilical cord clamping to longer than 3 minutes after birth, infants in low-resource settings experience less anemia, which may have positive effects on health and development.

Read the full abstract here

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