Etiology of Acute Respiratory Infections in Infants

Kumar, P. et al. (2017) Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 36(1) pp. 25–30

B0004785 Parainfluenza virus, TEM

Image source: David Gregory & Debbie Marshall – Wellcome Images // CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Background: There is paucity of studies on etiology of acute respiratory infections (ARI) in infants. The objective of this study is to document incidence and etiology of ARI in infants, their seasonal variability and association of clinical profile with etiology.

 

Conclusion: In this cohort of infants, ARI incidence was 1.8 episodes per year per infant; 95% were upper respiratory tract infections. Viruses were identified in 63.3% episodes, and the most common viruses detected were rhinovirus, respiratory syncytial virus and parainfluenza virus.

Read the full abstract here

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